Marshall Jewel (Connecticut Governor)


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Marshall Jewell (1825-1883) was Connecticut's 27th governor was born in Winchester, New Hampshire, on October 20, 1825. He was educated in New Hampshire's public school system, and apprenticed as a tanner under the supervision of his father. Jewell later learned the telegraphy business and moved to Akron, Ohio, where he supervised a telegraph office. He also was active and one of the first members of the Republican party in Connecticut. Jewell first entered politics in 1867 as an unsuccessful candidate for the Connecticut State Senate.

He was elected Governor of Connecticut in 1869 and won reelection in 1871 and 1872. During his tenure, Jewell's administration supported women's rights. He advocated for a woman's right to vote and for developing opportunities in educating women. The state militia also was restructured during Jewell's administration.

When Jewell's term as governor expired, President Ulysses S. Grant sent him to Russia as ambassador. Jewell was recalled from Russia late in 1874 and appointed postmaster general of the United States. When Garfield was nominated for the presidency in 1880, Jewell was made chairman of the National Republican Committee. His energy in conducting Garfield's campaign proved successful. Yet the campaign took a heavy toll on Jewell's health and he retired from public life.

Jewell died on February 10, 1883, and is buried at the Cedar Hill Cemetery in Hartford, Connecticut. The old Jewell homestead, the birthplace of this popular governor, diplomat and postmaster general, still stands in the town of Winchester.

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